The Stained Glass Windows

Coloured glass and pieces of leading were found in the course of archaeological excavations in the Archbishop's Palace in the 1990s. This shows that Nidaros Cathedral had stained-glass windows in the Middle Ages. Artist Gabriel Kielland made new stained-glass windows for the whole cathedral between 1908 and 1934.

A stained-glass window is made up of pieces of dyed or painted glass held together in a mosaic by strips of lead. The stained-glass windows accentuate the architecture in a Gothic cathedral. The arches, ribbed vaults and large window apertures are coloured by the light shining through the different pieces of glass. In former times the windows functioned as a kind of cartoon strip of Bible stories, ensuring that even people who could not read got to know the message of the Bible.

Coloured glass and pieces of leading were found in the course of archaeological excavations in the Archbishop's Palace in the 1990s. This shows that Nidaros Cathedral had stained-glass windows in the Middle Ages. Artist Gabriel Kielland made new stained-glass windows for the whole cathedral between 1908 and 1934.

The windows on the north side of Nidaros Cathedral show scenes from the Old Testament, while the south side has scenes from the New Testament. Both sides start at the west end, with the Creation and the birth of Jesus respectively, and continue in the direction of the High Altar. The Apostles are high up under the vaulting in the Choir, while the holy men and women of the church can be found in the Nave.

The great Rose Window depicts the Day of Judgement. The red panel in the centre symbolises Christ and also commemorates the 'carbuncle' that was said to gleam on the West Front in the Middle Ages. Yellow and red flames radiate out from the centre, ending in angels who are singing and playing. Round the outside there are angels with trumpets warning that the Day of Judgement is nigh.

Below the Rose Window we see nine arched windows with Christ in the centre with the saved on the left (south) and the doomed on the right (north).